Куда я попал?
SECURITM это SGRC система, ? автоматизирующая процессы в службах информационной безопасности. SECURITM помогает построить и управлять ИСПДн, КИИ, ГИС, СМИБ/СУИБ, банковскими системами защиты.
А еще SECURITM это место для обмена опытом и наработками для служб безопасности.

Valid Accounts:  Учетные записи по умолчанию

Adversaries may obtain and abuse credentials of a default account as a means of gaining Initial Access, Persistence, Privilege Escalation, or Defense Evasion. Default accounts are those that are built-into an OS, such as the Guest or Administrator accounts on Windows systems. Default accounts also include default factory/provider set accounts on other types of systems, software, or devices, including the root user account in AWS and the default service account in Kubernetes.(Citation: Microsoft Local Accounts Feb 2019)(Citation: AWS Root User)(Citation: Threat Matrix for Kubernetes) Default accounts are not limited to client machines, rather also include accounts that are preset for equipment such as network devices and computer applications whether they are internal, open source, or commercial. Appliances that come preset with a username and password combination pose a serious threat to organizations that do not change it post installation, as they are easy targets for an adversary. Similarly, adversaries may also utilize publicly disclosed or stolen Private Keys or credential materials to legitimately connect to remote environments via Remote Services.(Citation: Metasploit SSH Module)

ID: T1078.001
Относится к технике:  T1078
Тактика(-и): Defense Evasion, Initial Access, Persistence, Privilege Escalation
Платформы: Azure AD, Containers, Google Workspace, IaaS, Linux, macOS, Office 365, SaaS, Windows
Требуемые разрешения: Administrator, User
Источники данных: Logon Session: Logon Session Creation, User Account: User Account Authentication
Версия: 1.2
Дата создания: 13 Mar 2020
Последнее изменение: 05 Apr 2021

Примеры процедур

Название Описание

HyperStack can use default credentials to connect to IPC$ shares on remote machines.(Citation: Accenture HyperStack October 2020)


Stuxnet infected WinCC machines via a hardcoded database server password.(Citation: Symantec W.32 Stuxnet Dossier)


Контрмера Описание
Password Policies

Set and enforce secure password policies for accounts.


Monitor whether default accounts have been activated or logged into. These audits should also include checks on any appliances and applications for default credentials or SSH keys, and if any are discovered, they should be updated immediately.